Fundamental of Imaging Optics

The fundamental key optics notions for optical engineering

Galileo Galilei presenting his telescope

Introduction / What is light ? / Fermat principle / Snell-Descartes law / Inhomogeneous media / Dispersive & reflective prisms / Rigorous stigmatism / Real & virtual images / Plane refractive surface / Spherical mirror / Some perfect stigmatic surfaces of systems / Refractive surfaces / Aplanatisms / Abbe & Herschell conditions

Paraxial or Gaussian approximation / Magnifications and Power / Lagrange-Helmholtz relation / Focal systems / cardinal points / Graphic image construction / Newton formulas / Afocal systems

Simple elements : Plane refractive surface / plano parallel plate / Spherical refractive surface / Lenses / Thick lenses / Other type of lenses /

Combination of centered systems / Gullstrand’s formula / Afocal systems / Mirrors and catadioptric systems / Instruments / The Eye / Magnifying power / Field of view / Depth of field / Apertures, pupils and stops / Eyepieces / Telescopes / Microscopes /