Fundamentals

Fundamentals of Geographic Information Science

The course introduces Geographic Information Science principles, methods and tools aiming at building Geographic Information Systems and applications. All the dimensions of GIS are concerned, including data, hardware and software architectures, geo-processing and spatial analysis, the human factor as well as organizational, managerial, and normative issues. The lectures are complemented by case studies showcase and hands-on tutorials.

Basics of Front-end Electronics

The course deals with fundamental topics concerning the processing and acquisition of signals from solid state sensors used for the detection of radiation and especially of elementary particles which travel in the space medium. The main issues about the formation of such signals and the requirements posed to the front-end electronics are illustrated. Special emphasis is devoted to experimental systems installed to be operated as orbital or extra-orbital apparatuses. The main topics of the course are the following:

1. Radiation sensors and signal formation.

Elettromagnetic Optics

The course will introduce the main electromagnetic features of optical propagation: wave propagation, power considerations, polarization, intercation with dielectrics.

Aim of the course is to:

  1. Analyze a centred optical system, with several refracting surfaces, in terms of wave propagation;

  2. Evaluate its performances in terms of brightness and polarization;

Fundamental of Imaging Optics

Introduction / What is light ? / Fermat principle / Snell-Descartes law / Inhomogeneous media / Dispersive & reflective prisms / Rigorous stigmatism / Real & virtual images / Plane refractive surface / Spherical mirror / Some perfect stigmatic surfaces of systems / Refractive surfaces / Aplanatisms / Abbe & Herschell conditions